History Of Photography

31 03 2011

  • Who invented the Daguerreotype process?

Daguerre invented the first Daguerreotype process.

  • Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of the process.

It exposed light sensitive metal sheet which created a direct positive image. An image could be made permanent by immersing it in salt. The photographs were very inconvenient .

 

  • Who invented the Calotype process?

William Fox Talbot invented the Calotype process

  • Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of the Calotype?

it exposed light sensitive paper producing a paper negative.

  • Who invented the dry plate process?

Richard Maddox

  • Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of the process.

The camera was alot small and has cheaper to make. the customers had to bring the cameras in the shops to the the pictures developed, but the could be a good thing as well as a bad thing.

  • Who is credited with taking the  first photograph of a human?

Nicholas Jackson

 

  • What is photo emulsion?

Photographic emulsion is a layer of light sensitive material coated onto a substrate.

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The Linotype Machine

30 03 2011

 

 

Sholes Typewriter

Mergenthalers Linotype

 

an operator using Linotype

  • Why was the typewriter an important part of our history?

The type writer made it possible for me to be typing right now. Without it everything we have thats typed would be written out.

  • What is typesetting?

typesetting-Arrange or generate the type for (a piece of text to be printed)

  • Why was Linotype the greatest advance in printing since movable type?

Linotype was the greatest advance in printing since movable type because it allowed type to be processed mechanically opposed to being hand written.

  • How does the Linotype keyboard differ from the keyboard we use today?

The Linotype keyboard had separate sections of the keyboard, the blue keys were the punctuation marks, digits, and small capital letters. The white keys were upper case letters and the black keys were the lower case letters. there was no shift key.

 





The Codex and the illuminated manuscript

17 03 2011




Creation of the Phonetic Alphabet

17 03 2011

The Phoenician Alphabet

The Greek Alphabet

The Roman Alphabet

1) The phoenician alphabet was successful because the trading culture of the phoenician merchants spread the use of the alphabet into parts of north africa and europe.

2) The “social structure” of a civilization is somewhat like a social status or social ranking. (lower class, middle class, etc.)

3) The Roman alphabet was most widely used because  it evolved from the Greek Alphabet. The contributions it made were the serifs that was use today, the baseline (where most letters sit.), and the descender (letters that are placed below the baseline.)

4) The phoenician alphabet has different symbols that stand for certain words. The Greek Alphabet letter a couple of them are used in science and math. The Roman Alphabet is just like ours except they have symbols for the letters (multiple symbols).

 





Secrets of The Rosetta Stone

17 03 2011

Rating: 3

The movie was interesting yet boring in my opinion. I think the interesting part was when they used the rosetta stone to decipher other languages and writings. The video





Hieroglyphics and Egyptians

28 02 2011

Hieroglyphics in a tomb

 

Hieroglyphics in a temple

 

Hieroglyphics on papyrus

 





Cuneiform and the sumerians

16 02 2011

This is the Summerians early cuneiforms. This one is simple. The writing is spaced out and larger then the other writings.

This is the sumerians evolved cuneiform. The writing is smaller and fitted tightly on the page. This also looks more elaborate then the other one.

This is the Akkadian Cuneiform. Its very detailed and the cuneiform itself is tiny looking. Looks neater then the other forms of cuneiform.

1. Nomadic civilization- Well, nomadic people are communities of people who move from one place to another,  instead of staying in one place.

2. The Sumerians used a visual form of communication to  keep track of business transactions.

3. Sumerians “wrote” records by wetting the clay, forming it into flat surfaces, an creating a wedge shaped stylus made from reeds to make impressions into the clay surface. Then the clay was put outside in the sun to dry. The medium used was clay.

4.A pictogram is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object. An ideograph is a graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept. A pictograph  uses pictures or symbols to represent an amount of data.